Puno is one of the most important cities on the edge of the Titicaca, the most navigable and highest lake of the world.
The city near the Sky
The city of Puno is considered the Folk Capital of America because of its 300 typicals dances. The Sikuri and the Diablada are typical dances performed during festivities such as that of the Virgen de la Candelaria, the city’s patron. This festivity is held in February and gathers thousands of people.
Puno is located on these cold High plains at 4000 m.s.n.m. The city also known as land of camelidae, was the home of the Tiahuanaco culture many thousands of years ago. This culture has some of the most beautiful legacies such as the Puerta del Sol (The Sun gateway), a temple sculpted in stone.
During the time of the Spaniards, Puno was very popular for its Laykakota mines. Centuries later, Puno together with Arequipa became the main textile center of alpaca fibers. Many interesting places surround the lake and the city. One of them is Sillustani. This archeological site is approximately 30 minutes from Puno, across the Umayo lagoon and it is famous for its Chullpas, big-coned shaped towers made of stone.
Chucuito and Pomata are cities that surround the south side of the lake and are an interesting circuit to admire magnificent renaissance-baroque style churches. On the way to the north is Juliaca, the only city with an airport and the most important of the region. Near there is Pucara, famous for its miniature sculptures.
Enjoy the dances, lakes and beautiful landscapes of Puno, and Don´t forget to include in your itinerary the towns of Lampa and Azangaro, whose temples hold undiscovered treasures.