Chan Chan, the capital of the Chimu Empire, is the largest mud city in the valley of Moche near Trujillo. It was built between the XII and XIV centuries. It is believed that the city housed around 100 thounsand people and that it was built with 240 million adobe bricks. Chan Chan: The Mud City Chan Chan is a labyrinth city that consisted of nine Royal Compounds that have streets, channels, reservoirs, squares and pyramidal temples. The Compounds have been named after the archaeologics and explores who discovered them or studied them. One of the most famous and best preserved compounds is Tschudi, named after Juan Diego Tschudi, a Swiss naturalist (1818-1889). This compound has only one entrance and twelve meterhigh walls, whichare wider at the bottom than at the top. The walls have high relief figures resembling fish. In fact, most of the city walls are decorated with mythical scenes, geometrical and zoomorphic shapes and highly realistic figures. In 1986 UNESCO declared Chan Chan Mankind's Historical Monument. Come visit the mud city and its site museum, and be part of those who have enjoyed this long-lasting magnificent city.
Puno: The folk capital of America
Puno is one of the most important cities on the edge of the Titicaca, the most navigable and highest lake of the world. The city near the Sky The city of Puno is considered the Folk Capital of America because of its 300 typicals dances. The Sikuri and the Diablada are typical dances performed during festivities such as that of the Virgen de la Candelaria, the city’s patron. This festivity is held in February and gathers thousands of people. More options Puno is located on these cold High plains at 4000 m.s.n.m. The city also known as land of camelidae, was the home of the Tiahuanaco culture many thousands of years ago. This culture has some of the most beautiful legacies such as the Puerta del Sol (The Sun gateway), a temple sculpted in stone. During the time of the Spaniards, Puno was very popular for its Laykakota mines. Centuries later, Puno together with Arequipa became the main textile center of alpaca fibers. Many interesting places surround the lake and the city. One of them is Sillustani. This archeological site is approximately 30 minutes from Puno, across the Umayo lagoon and it is famous for its Chullpas, big-coned shaped towers made of stone. Chucuito and Pomata are cities that surround the south side of the lake and are an interesting circuit to admire magnificent renaissance-baroque style churches. On the way to the north is Juliaca, the only city with an airport and the most important of the region. Near there is Pucara, famous for its miniature sculptures. Enjoy the dances, lakes and beautiful landscapes of Puno, and Don´t forget to include in your itinerary the towns of Lampa and Azangaro, whose temples hold undiscovered treasures.
Tour archaeological sites near Cusco city
Tour archaeological in Cusco is a great experience. Cusco is considered one of the most ancient cities and the historic captial of the continent. Cusco in Quechua is Qosqo, which means "the earth's navel". Near Cusco city there are several vestiges Incas, among them they emphasize: Sacsayhumán, Quenko, Puca Pucara and Tambomachay. Sacsayhuamán Northeast of Cusco. A fortress built on granite, the best Inca example of military construction Sacsayhuaman Cusco Qenko Northeast of Cusco. Inca Temple made of limestone used as a ritual center for the Chicha ceremonies. Quenko Cusco Puca Pucara Northeast of Cusco. An Inca military construction made up of stairs, terraces and great walls Puca Pucara - Cusco Tambomachay Northeast of Cusco. Also known as the Inca Hot Springs it was built in 1500 A.C. Tambomachay Cusco As you will see, there are endless options to travel to Cusco, so what do you expect?
Manu: The Biofere Reserve
The Manu Biosphere Reserve is located in the rainforest between Cusco and Madre de Dios. It is one of the biggest tropical areas on the planet. At the end of the twentieth century, this area became famous for its rubber, mahogany wood and animal furs. In 1973 the government set its boundaries because it’s a potencial threat to the ecosystem, and in 1987 the Natural Reserve was declarated Mankind’s Historical Monument. Nowadays, the area of the Manu is almost 2 million hectares and fortunately this larg tract of virgin jungle is carefully pretected. The reserve has three sectors: The National Park, a restricted area; The Cultural Zone, where there area villages and bases; and The Reserved Area, open to tourist and research activities. At the Manu you can expect to see different endangered species; there are more than 800 bird species among which is the Cock of the Rock, a representative bird of Peru. In addition, there are different species of mammals, bats and butterflies and 2000 species of plants. The trees found here are over forty-five-meters tall. At present, there are 30 Quechua speaking communities and indigenous populations such as the Matsiguenka, Arahuaca and Yine. The best way to get to Manu is via Cusco. The visitor has two options: first, an eight to twelve-hour road trip to Atalaya or Shintuya bases and then a trip down the river; second, a thirty-minute flight from Cusco to Boca Manu Base plus a boat ride. We recommend that you arrange your tour in advance and come to Manu between May and August
Useful facts for the traveler – General Recommendations to travel Cusco
When to go / What to take You can visit Cusco at any time of year. No matter what month you go, the “Center of the world” will always have a special appeal. From the many shades of its fields and skies to its colorful religious and folk festivals, the traveler will find a mosaic of activities through which to discover the fine points of this charming region. We recommend a minimum stay of seven (7) days, to allow time for seeing the city and some of the main tourist circuits, and spending at least one night in Machu Picchu. If you want to see Cusco in all its splendor, plan a visit during the rainy season (January to March). You will not be disappointed. Although the winter months (June to September) are the high season for foreign tourists because there are no rains, the roads are in good condition and there are many festivals, this is also when many services become more expensive and it becomes much harder to get sits on trains, airlines and buses. This is the coldest time of the year. Remember that at altitudes over 3 000 masl the sunlight is less filtered, increasing the risk of sunstroke. Keep your skin covered or use sun block. The summer months (December to April) are ideal for anyone wanting to enjoy the nature and landscapes of Cusco in all their splendor. Evening rain showers are frequent during this season, but mornings and nights are generally clear. We recommend setting aside a few hours to take the road from Chinchero to Maras. With the rising or setting sun, the play of light over the fields is simply spectacular.
Paracas: Natural Reserve
Location: 261 km. south of Lima Altitude: 5 m.a.s.l. The Natural Reserve of Paracas is the only protected area of the Peruvian coastline. This wild sanctuary a few minutes from Pisco is located in northern Ica, and has an extension of 335 thousand hectares of desert and beautiful beaches, housing endangered species such as sea wolves, the funny Humbolt penguins, the guano island bird and the flamingo or parihuana. This bird is the symbol of the peninsula because the colors of the feathers inspirited the national flag. Despite its animal wealth, Paracas also has other wonders such as The Cathedral. This rocky slope has the shape of a religious temple created by the strength of the tidewaters. Near here to the north of the bay, on the sand of the desert across the sea is the famous image of the Candelabrum, a mysterious figure similar to the Nasca Lines. For its location and size (120 meters height), it is thought to be an emblem of orientation for the sailors of those times. Among the borders of the reserve is in the site museum Julio C. Tello. This museum has one of the most important remains of knitted fabrics from the Paracas culture (600 bC) as well as the well-known multicolored hand-made blankets weaved with camelidae fiber and dyed with vivid natural colors. If you want to have a close contact with the animal life of the area, we recommended visiting the Ballestas Islands. These are located a few minutes from the coast. Do not forget to visit the Tambo Colorado fortress, a magnificent military center built of adobe and the Paracas Reserve, an exciting adventure that you should not miss.